Osteoporosis is a bone disease that increases the risk of bone fractures. In this disease, bone cells start getting destroyed and bone mass starts decreasing due to which bones become weak and fragile. Osteoporosis usually makes the bones of the spine, vertebrae, hips, and wrists more prone to fractures.
The problem of osteoporosis is usually found in middle-aged women.
As we have already mentioned, women are more prone to osteoporosis than men. Especially if the woman has a thin or small body then she can suffer from this disease.
If a person in the family is suffering from osteoporosis, then the female member of that household is more likely to get this disease than other women.
Osteoporosis can occur in women after menopause.
Apart from this, this disease is also caught due to consumption of cigarettes and alcohol, poor lifestyle, and use of some medicines.
If a person is suffering from Rheumatoid arthritis then he is more likely to get osteoporosis.
Children can also get this disease if their parents have osteoporosis.
Symptoms of Osteoporosis
Initially, there are no specific symptoms of osteoporosis but later the symptoms of this disease are bone and muscle pain, back and neck pain. A person feels fracture in the bones even after falling and even sneezing. As the symptoms of this disease start increasing, this disease starts becoming more severe and the pain also starts getting faster. This pain can also spread to other parts of the body. Apart from this, fractures in the hips, wrists, and spine are the main symptoms of osteoporosis.
Prevention of osteoporosisOsteoporosis treatment mainly consists of preventing mineral loss in the body and increasing bone density so that bones do not fracture. Apart from this, pain in bones is also controlled. About 40 percent of women in their lifetime experience bone fractures due to osteoporosis. Osteoporosis treatment aims to prevent these fractures. To prevent osteoporosis in young adults, it is recommended that they get enough calcium in their diet i.e. 1000 mg of calcium per day. Adequate calcium is found in milk, orange juice, and salmon fish. To avoid osteoporosis, people of all ages should keep their body weight normal through walking, exercising, aerobic, and swimming exercises. Bone fractures due to osteoporosis can be avoided by exercising daily. Studies have found that exercising stretches bones and muscles, which in turn increases bone density and prevents osteoporosis.